Lessons of Darkness (1992)
In the aftermath of the first Gulf War, Iraqi soldiers lit Kuwaiti oil fields on fire as they retreated, leaving behind a scene of horrifying environmental devastation. Here, Herzog's camera lingers on the aftereffects of that combat: towers of smoke leading into the sky, columns of flame several stories tall. It's not an understatement to call these visions apocalyptic. But despite Herzog's stylized, detached narration, the film also doesn't lose sight of the human cost, with brief interviews with the victims of war making its impact powerfully clear.