Focus first, then compose.
Memorize the phrase above, because almost every topic we covered with Winter somehow circled back to it. "First you find what it is you want to focus on. If it's a bird or an animal, the focus should be its eye. Then move the frame around so that you have composition that is interesting," Winter says. "Sometimes that's as simple as keeping the entire animal in the frame. Sometimes it's about finding lines that move your eye. And sometimes it's both."