Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) usually involves a doctor getting a sperm sample and either inserting it into the female genital tract or using it to perform in vitro fertilization. These treatments may use donor or nondonor sperm. Even if a man has no sperm present in his ejaculate, his doctor may still be able to find some in his testes which can be extracted surgically and then used for fertilization. According to a 2011 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 1 percent of children born today are conceived through ART, which has a success rate of about 29 percent.
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