Even organic materials can be recycled. "Backyard composting is an excellent way to handle food scraps," says Sagar, from the SERDC. "Your cooperative extension department will have information on how to maintain your backyard composter so you'll actually get a nutrient back for your soil."
If you don't have a backyard, you still have options. It's possible to compost indoors on a smaller scale, usually with a small worm bin. Sagar recommends contacting your local cooperative extension for advice on how to do it properly. Alternatively, some communities have a central composting facility where citizens can bring their scraps. If you have a weekly drop off, get a freezer bin to store scraps so that they don't decompose and stink up your home.