Back when we were kids, dentists loved to scare the hell out of us with horrific photos of bloody, red gums and rotten teeth. Terrified that our mouths would end up like that, we'd brush and floss twice a day without Mom making us, at least for a few days after each checkup.
But as adults, far too few of us follow doctor's orders, meaning those nasty photos may not be so far from reality. Almost half of Americans age 30 and up have periodontal disease, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Men account for 56 percent of those cases.
Periodontal disease, or gum disease, happens when the tissues and bone surrounding our teeth become chronically inflamed and infected. In the early stages, gums swell and bleed, but as the disease advances, they actually recede, making it easier for teeth to degrade or fall out. The infection stems from bacteria buildup, which creates a film – plaque – that hardens into tartar. We usually associate plaque and tarter with teeth, but these substances can easily spread below the gum line and infect the soft tissue and bone. And the trouble doesn't always end in the mouth. Several studies link gum disease to heart disease, diabetes, and cancer.
Even if your gums seem healthy now, they won't stay that way if you don't take care of them. Periodontal disease rates shoot up to 70 percent among people 70 and older. So now's the time to get a grip on gum health. Here's how.
Limit your intake of chewy and sticky foods.
Oral bacteria feast on sugar, which is why dentists always say to cut back on candy. But Layliev says sugar-packed foods that are also chewy, sticky, or crunchy – think granola bars, cake frosting, barbecue sauce, and dried fruit – are especially gum-ravaging. Besides being chock-full of sugar, these foods cling to teeth and gums and work their way into tiny crevices and pockets in your mouth.
Obviously, you're going to eat this stuff once in a while – just limit the frequency. "It's better to eat a piece of cake in one sitting than to snack on sticky, sugary foods throughout the day," Newhouse says. "The more times you expose your gums and teeth to sugar, the more chances the bacteria have to grow, and the greater your risk of periodontal disease." For this reason, Newhouse says that sipping on sugary beverages and juices, and even sugar-sweetened coffee, throughout the day is terrible for gums and teeth.
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