What to Ask Your Doctor at 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60

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Your Sixties and Up
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Your Sixties and Up

In your sixties and beyond, stick to the program you followed in your fifties. On top of that, get screened periodically for signs of Alzheimer’s and dementia. Keep an even closer eye on your skin, since melanoma becomes much more common as men age. And make sure your doctor tests your bone-mineral density. Osteoporosis is more common in women, but millions of men have it, too. Plus, men are more likely to die after an osteoporosis-related fracture.

In your sixties it's especially important to stay on top of your mental well-being. “We haven’t yet been able to quantify the health effects of mental stress, but it’s a tremendous problem, particularly as people age,” Fletcher says. “After worrying about deadlines and the toils of everyday life for years, many older men just sit around getting stressed out even though they’re retired and living in a beach house.”

Finally, if you’ve ever smoked, have your doctor do a one-time ultrasound to look for an abdominal aortic aneurysm, says Brahmbhatt. This condition happens when the large blood vessel in your abdomen becomes enlarged and suddenly ruptures. It often has no symptoms, and it’s frequently fatal.

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