Compost adds living microbes to soil and makes nutrients like nitrogen more available to plants. Mix two parts carbon (dead leaves, straw, shredded paper) to one part nitrogen (vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, grass clippings) and let the natural process of rot begin. A simple pile will do, as will a designated pen, created by nailing a few wooden pallets together. Or, if outdoor space is tight, a worm bin is a good indoor option. It takes about six months for compost to brew so add it to soil in the fall for your spring garden and then refresh in the spring; repeat each year.
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