Nearly 40 million Americans suffer from migraines and a significant portion of these people have migraines daily. Although this condition is common and can cause severe impairment, migraine sufferers have often been brushed off as being over-dramatic. In reality, migraine is an over-activation of a pain response that everybody has. Dr. Michael Cutrer, chair of the headache division at the Mayo Clinic (who has migraines himself), says it’s the way our bodies would normally respond if there was bleeding in our head or a tumor but, in the case of people with migraines, it’s a false alarm. There are quite a few different medications — and, now, technologies — available to address migraines but finding the right treatment for each individual still tends to require extra effort. “Patience is an important thing, both on the part of the doctor and the patient,” says Cutrer. Keeping that in mind, here are some of the current, new, and future methods for treating this challenging health problem.